This name derives from a communication system developed by the US military because of the Italian campaign.
In detail, this is a mobile radio system installed on Willys jeeps equipped with two radio equipment: one for communication with the army and the other with aviation.
The vehicle, named with the initials AN / VRC-1 or, more often, with the nickname of "Rover Joe," coordinated the US air operations moving along the front lines during the Italian campaign, innovating drastically communication which, until then, was in watertight compartments.
This development has shown that, through the expansion of communication, you can get great success and win important challenges both in the field of war or civilian.
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During the invasion of Sicily and Italy, the command of US tactical air force controlled all the air forces that supported the operation.
Even the transport logistics forces, not directly involved in the defense of the fleet were under his operational control.
This union of air forces was not only solid in theory, but resisted examination of the battle and proved to be the most effective method for controlling the air forces in transactions.
As soon as it became apparent the full potential of air traffic controllers based in the ground on the front lines, it was done an experiment for the Italian campaign called Rover Joe.
A Jeep Willys equipped with TWO Radio Equipment, SCR193 for ground communications (troops) and SCR 522 for direct communications with the aircraft, followed the lines of the moving front.
On board besides the driver of the vehicle, there was a fighter pilot.
The Jeep positioned at a point overlooking an active area of the Fifth Army Front. Based on the Pilot's experience that watched the evolution of the face, he directly chose the allied aviation targets, described the theater of operations, and warned pilots of the presence of enemy troops and enemy defenses in the area.
Rover Joe coordinated four flights every 30 minutes, this to ensure sufficient air coverage, preventing the enemy from reorganizing on time.
Gen. Mark Clark said in his report:
"Often, the Rover Joe Coordination is unhooked bombs on targets just 500 meters from our troops and our men have never been hurt even once."
Given the excellent result of the Rover Joe experiment during the Italian campaign, the Nona Forza Aerea used a similar program in Europe.
At the vasion of Normandy, then, they had already been created tactical aircraft numbered commands working with any army of the earth, and this has contributed to the success that from Normandy has followed the liberation of Europe.
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